Bruxism is a very unfavorable and undesirable condition involving clenching and teeth grinding when asleep. You might not know you have bruxism, but some of its symptoms include facial pain, abraded teeth, headaches, cracked teeth, tongue indentations, jaw dislocation, sensitive teeth, and tensed jaw muscles. The exact bruxism cause is not known, but here are possible factors that can lead to bruxism:
Anxiety and Stress
Individuals with anxiety and stress may unintentionally grind or clench their teeth, trying to cope with tension. This can result in tooth and jaw damage, facial pain, headaches, and other dental problems.
Sleep apnea is a very unpleasant and risky condition where the airways block, leading to breathing stoppage for a short period when asleep. When breathing is interrupted, one can clench or grind their teeth to open the airway.
Certain medical problems can also exacerbate bruxism. For instance, people suffering from Parkinson, gastroesophageal reflux, or Huntington's can experience bruxism.
If you take antidepressants or antipsychotics for an extended period can increase your chances of getting bruxism. Besides, taking too much alcohol can also make one develop teeth clenching and grinding.
In some instances, bruxism may occur due to improper teeth alignment or incorrectly fitted dental device, such as dentures. This might result in an uneven bite, which can eventually cause teeth grinding or clenching and can lead to other oral health problems.
Bruxism has no cure, and you can only manage this condition by finding and addressing the route cause. Besides, you can use a mouth guard or other dental protective devices to prevent jaw and teeth damage. Dental procedures such as teeth alignment can help alleviate bruxism. If the condition is severe, you can use medicines such as muscle relaxants to help control bruxism signs.
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